Uşşaki was the wife of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk between 1923
Latife Hanim was the daughter of one of the wealthiest merchants
of Izmir. She was born in 1899 in Izmir, where she received
her high school education. In 1921 she was in Europe attending
law schools in Paris and London. When she arrived back at
Turkey, the Independence War was still not over.
On September 11, 1922, when she heard that Mustafa Kemal Pasha
was in Izmir leading the Turkish Army, she went to the headquarters
and offered him the opportunity to stay in her family mansion
in Göztepe for security reasons. Mustafa Kemal Pasha was pleased
to accept, and so their relationship started.
Latife Hanim and Mustafa Kemal's marriage took place in 1923,
the same year the Turkish Republic was founded. The couple
had met four months before they married.
The couple wed in a civil ceremony, the first in Turkey, with
Latife's face uncovered. She also lobbied for women's right
Mustafa Kemal divorced Latife two years later. She became
a recluse, never talking about her relationship with the founder
of modern Turkey, dying eventually in 1975.
As The New York Times put it shortly after their marriage:
Her clothes are a pledge of reform. Her riding breeches indicate
her intention of sweeping away harem conventions.
Latife Hanim's life, referring to more than a hundred books,
articles, excerpts from newspapers, journals and interviews
with various people, including Latife's relatives.